Yes, You Can Live Without Your Adenoids & Tonsils, But Should You?5 years ago | Family Health
By Joy Stephenson-Laws, JD, Founder
When the doctor says, “Open up your mouth and say ‘ahhhh,’” he may be looking for signs of inflammation of your tonsils - those lumps of tissue at the back of your throat (tonsilitis).
And with tonsillitis, sometimes the adenoids are also swollen. These are tissue located behind the nose and high up in the throat (so they are not visible like tonsils are). Both adenoids and tonsils are a part of the lymphatic system which is responsible for helping to prevent infections.
Children may have tonsils removed if they suffer from chronic tonsillitis. They may also have their adenoids removed (adenoidectomy) if they suffer from recurrent middle ear infections.
Both tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy are two common and safe pediatric surgeries. Reportedly, more than 500,000 tonsillectomies are performed each year on children in the United States.
But the following tragic stories made me want to further investigate these surgeries.
Back in 2013, a 13-year-old girl went into surgery to have her tonsils removed. She suffered from obstructive sleep apnea.
After the surgery, she was initially fine but then had a lot of complications. According to one report, she had “highly unusual complications.” She lost a lot of blood and had to have blood pumped out of her lungs. She also had swelling in the brain, went into cardiac arrest and, unfortunately, died.
And in a more recent story (from January 2017), a 9-year-old girl also died from having her tonsils removed. Reportedly, she was having her tonsils removed to prevent her from snoring and the doctors said it was medically necessary. She too suffered from complications after the surgery (including bleeding from her nose) and also went into cardiac arrest.
The family is suing the medical center where the child was treated.
Both of these stories are extreme cases and may involve malpractice and negligence. But it is important to educate ourselves about these procedures, so we can make informed decisions.
You obviously do not need your tonsils and adenoids to live - they are not vital organs like our heart and lungs.
However, tonsils and adenoids play an important role in the body’s immune system. According to the National Institutes of Health, “adenoids usually start to shrink after about age 5. By the teenage years, they are almost completely gone. By then, the body usually develops other ways to fight germs.”
The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery states that “tonsils and adenoids are the body's first line of defense as part of the immune system.” They reportedly trap the germs coming in through the mouth and nose, reduce infection and keep body fluids in balance.
And a recent study looked at the long-term effects of removing the tonsils and adenoids in childhood, compared with children who have not had these types of surgeries.
The research team looked at data from over one million children in Denmark (born between 1979 and 1999). They covered at least the first 10 years of their lives and up to 30 years.
The children were otherwise healthy.
- 17,460 had adenoidectomies
- 11,830 had tonsillectomies
- 31,377 had adenotonsillectomy (both tonsils and adenoids removed)
"We calculated disease risks depending on whether adenoids, tonsils or both were removed in the first 9 years of life because this is when these tissues are most active in the developing immune system," said a lead doctor in a report of the study.
- Tonsillectomy was associated with an almost tripled relative risk for diseases of the upper respiratory tract. This includes influenza (the flu), asthma, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD).
- The absolute risk (which takes into account how common these diseases are in the community) was also substantially increased at 18.61 percent.
- Adenoidectomy associated with a more than doubled relative risk of COPD and a nearly doubled relative risk of upper respiratory tract diseases and conjunctivitis. The absolute risk was also almost doubled for upper respiratory diseases but corresponded to a small increase for COPD, as this is a rarer condition.
- Following adenotonsillectomy, the relative risk for those who had the operation was found to increase four or five-fold for otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear) and sinusitis also showed a significant increase.
The study also found:
- Adenoidectomy was associated with a significantly reduced risk for sleep disorders, and all surgeries were associated with significantly reduced risk for tonsillitis and chronic tonsillitis.
“The study suggests that shorter-term benefits of these surgeries may not continue up to the age of 30 apart from the reduced risk for tonsillitis (for all surgeries) and sleep disorders (for adenoidectomy),” according to the report.
“Instead, the longer-term risks for abnormal breathing, sinusitis and otitis media were either significantly higher after surgery or not significantly different.”
So what to do?
You have to weigh the pros and cons when it comes to making healthcare decisions. If your child suffers from sleep apnea, chronic tonsillitis or is constantly getting ear infections, perhaps you should first discuss with your doctor other options of alleviating these problems without removing tonsils and adenoids.
What are some other suggestions?
It is my opinion that one of the best things you can do for your child is to help protect their immune system. The stronger the immune system, the less likely the risk for infection. And a healthy diet is one way to strengthen the immune system.
I strongly recommend periodic nutrition testing. This will determine if your child has any nutrient imbalances or deficiencies which may be affecting their immune system. If there is a deficiency or imbalance, a competent healthcare professional may suggest tweaking your child’s diet or having him or her take quality supplements.
Other suggestions include the following:
- Teach children to wash hands frequently in order to prevent the spreading of harmful bacteria and viruses.
- Avoid exposing your baby to cigarette smoke. Studies suggest that babies who are around smokers have more ear infections.
- Try to keep a sick child away from other healthy children.
- Get a dog. There is evidence that pets like dogs may help boost the immune system of kids.
Enjoy your healthy life!
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